While the UK technically left the EU on January 1, 2020, the 12-month transition period meant the UK adhered to EU rules and remained a member of the single market. It also meant UK motorists could drive in the EU in the same way they had done in preceding decades.
However, with the transition period at an end (January 1, 2021), UK drivers heading to the EU must now adhere to new rules.
Startrescue.co.uk still provides breakdown cover through our partners on the continent, for trips to Europe from one to 31 days.
Find out more and get covered here.
You will not need an international driving permit (IDP) for short trips* if you have a full UK (Great Britain and Northern Ireland) photocard driving license. But if you only have a paper version of your license you will need to get an IDP.
*‘Short trip’ is considered under 30 days, under 90 days, or under 6 months, depending on your destination country. More information here (Gov.uk).
Residents of Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey or the Isle of Man may be required to have an IDP. Contact the embassy of your destination country to find out if you need one.
You can purchase an IDP over the counter at most Post Offices for £5.50.
Aside from the fee, you need a valid Great Britain or Northern Ireland driving licence. You must be a resident of Great Britain or Northern Ireland.
There are three types of IDPs:
However, European countries require either 1949 or 1968 IDPs (some countries - like Austria and Bulgaria - do not require an IDP).
You must have the right IDP for your destination country. Check the UK government website for more information about which IDP you need.
If you only have a paper licence, you can exchange it for a photocard version for a fee of £20. You can apply for a photocard licence online (the easiest option); by post; or in person at the DVLA in Swansea. If you plan to drive on the continent often then getting a photocard license could make sense. On the other hand, you can obtain an IDP over the counter at a Post Office straight away - good if time is limited.
IDPs: Driving in the EU for “longer” periods (30+, 90+ days or 6 months, depending on country)
You may need an IDP if you plan to stay in a European country for a longer period. “Longer period” in this case depends on the country being visited. For example, if you drive in Cyprus for more than 30 days, you’ll need a 1949 IDP; in Denmark, you can drive for up to 90 days without an IDP; and in Belgium you can drive up to 6 months without an IDP. It should be noted that as a UK citizen you can only stay in the EU for periods of up to 90 days in any 180-day period, so the issue may not be relevant.
Can I use my UK driving licence if I live permanently in the EU/EEA?
No. You cannot use your UK driving licence if you live permanently in the EU/EEA. You must apply for a local driving licence.
Is my UK driving licence valid for driving in the EU/EEA?
Yes, most UK residents with a UK driving license will be able to use it to drive in the EU. However, those with paper licences or with licenses issued by Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey or the Isle of Man may need to get an IDP. If you are in this group, check with the embassy of your destination country for more advice on which (if any) IDP you need.
Yes. All UK driving licenses issued while the UK was a member of the EU are still valid (so long as the expiry date has not passed). These licenses feature “UK” ringed by EU stars.
Yes, you can still use your old burgundy UK passport (with “EUROPEAN UNION” on the cover) for trips to the EU - assuming the passport has at least 6 month’s validity, and is less than 9 years and six months old.
Of course, the old burgundy passport is also valid for everywhere else in the world, under the same provisos that existed before the UK left the EU (chiefly - in most cases - that it has at least 6 month’s validity and you have the required entry visas).
Before you travel to the EU, EEA, Switzerland, Serbia or Andorra, you will need to obtain a "Green Card" from your insurer (as of 1 January 2021).
Many insurers allow their customers to download and print off their Green Cards. In the past green paper had to be used, but this is no longer a requirement.
A Green Card is an international certificate of insurance which provides minimum third party cover while driving in the countries mentioned above.
If you pan to drive in more than one country, you may need more than one green Card. tell your insurer where you plan to drive and they will assist.
Yes, you'll need separate Green Cards for your car and any trailer or caravan you are towing.
Your insurer may charge a fee for providing your Green Card; fees vary among providers.
If you download and print your own Green Card, the process should take a matter of minutes. But if you need a hard copy from your insurer, the UK government states you should request your green card at least 6 weeks ahead of your departure date.
Green Cards are normally valid for between 15 and 90 days. However, your insurer may be able to accommodate you if you travel often.
- If you are involved in a collision
- Possibly when crossing into another country.
Yes, you need to take either your V5C vehicle log book (if it exists), or a VE103, which proves you're permitted to drive a leased or hired vehicle overseas.
if you're renting or leasing a car in Europe, the providing firm will normally supply a "Vehicle on Hire Certificate" - in lieu of the original Vehicle Registration Document.
You'll need to display a GB sticker when driving in any of the 27 EU member states.
You'll need a GB sticker even if your number plate displays "GB".
If you have a pet passport issued in Great Britain it is no longer valid in the EU or Northern Ireland.
Great Britain, the Channel ISlands and the Isle of Man is regarded by the Eu as a Part 2 listed third country under the EU Pet Travel Scheme.
In order to travel with your pet (dog, cat, ferret) to the EU or Northern Ireland, the animal will need:
- An animal health certificate (AHC) from your vet (at least 10 months before departure).
- To be microchipped
- A rabies vaccination (at least 21 days prior to departure)
Further information: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/pet-travel-to-and-from-great-britain
If you have a road traffic accident in Europe, contact your UK insurer in the first instance.
If another driver is at fault, as a UK resident you may need to make a claim with their insurers.
If an at-fault driver flees the scene or is uninsured, you may not be able to make a compensation claim at all. The UK government has stated that UK residents "should not expect to be able to make a claim in respect of that accident via a UK-based Claims Representative or the UK Motor Insurers’ Bureau (MIB)’."
Now the UK has left the EU, the Cross-Border Enforcement directive does not apply to UK drivers in the EU. So if a UK driver gets caught speeding by an EU speed camera, they cannot be pursued for the fine. Equally, EU drivers caught speeding by a UK camera cannot be pursued for the subsequent fine.
However, a driver may still be landed with a fine if:
- The driver is caught speeding in a hire car and the hire firm pursues them for an admin fee
- The driver is issued an on-the-spot speeding fine in the EU
- French authorities find a way to re-impose the Cross-Border Enforcement directive between the UK and France (a similar agreement exists between France and non-EU Switzerland)
startrescue.co.uk provides a range of European Breakdown Cover options with 1, 4, 9, 16, 25 and 31 day packages covering your vehicle in over 40 countries. Make your holiday or business trip as stress free as possible by ensuring your vehicle is covered should it run into difficulties, whether you are travelling in a car or on a motorcycle. You can find out more here.