The government has proposed a new cyclist awareness test for drivers, who could benefit from lower premiums if they pass.
The proposal is one of up to 50 possible new measures aimed at reducing pedestrian and cyclist deaths on UK roads.
Other measures may include making it easier to prosecute drivers who park in cycle lanes.
The government also wants local authorities to spend at least 15% of its yearly transport infrastructure budget on walking and cycling.
Additionally, a national walking and cycling champion will be employed to help ensure the needs of walkers and cyclists are met.
However, an alliance of cycling organisations voiced disappointment at the measures. Groups including British Cycling, Sustrans and Cycling UK say they would prefer to see a heavier focus on speed reduction.
Cycling UK CEO, Paul Tuohy, said: 'Last year saw a 5% increase in fatal accidents on UK roads in which 100 cyclists and 470 pedestrians were killed.
'Lowering vehicle speeds around people walking, cycling and horse riding doesn't just reduce the danger to them, but also their perception of the danger.
'While the DfT's proposals for amendments to the Highway Code will help save lives, ignoring the threat and dangers of speeding is disappointing.'
The government also wants to see new "back office" police units, charged with analysing dashcam footage of possible driving offences. As a model, the move would use a campaign by North Wales Police in 2016 which analysed dashcam footage and resulted in 129 cases being opened.
There may also be a review of the Highway Code in terms of how motorists are advised to ensure the safety of vulnerable road users.